The following material is flagged Yellow Level. It contains material that is disputed by some experts but accepted by others. Caution is advised when deciding whether you personally choose to believe it.Now then, some people say "I'm not against equality of opportunity, I'm against enforcing equality of outcome. It isn't fair to the hard workers for someone to be given the same outcomes they earned just for being black/female/gay/etc. Why do you keep insisting that I'm racist/sexist/homophobic for saying this?"
And here is where I will explain, in detail, that yes, that is a bigoted argument. I will tell you why accepting that argument makes you bigoted. If you dislike being called bigoted more than you dislike actually being bigoted, this is the moment when you should leave now and come back next week.
Let us start with a few basic premises:
P1: Inequalities of outcome exist, when not compensated for.
P2: Those inequalities have a statistically significant tendency to favor some ethnic groups, genders, sexual orientations, and such over others.
P3: Any difference in individual outcomes results from an inherent trait (defined as a trait that is purely internal to a person), an extrinsic trait (defined as a trait that results from the actions of others, including actions based on intrinsic traits; this is what we will discuss when considering differences of opportunity, [EDIT: as well as initial conditions, such as family situation]), or a difference in luck (defined as traits or differences in circumstance that are neither intrinsic nor extrinsic as defined above, such as differences in the realization of an opportunity due to events beyond the control of either the individual or any person with power over the individual).
P4: Luck cannot account for statistically significant differences between groups. That is what statistical significance means.
P5: Any inherent trait that is evenly distributed (defined as distributed as probability dictates without any bias toward nor against any population) between all populations cannot cause a statistically significant difference of outcomes.
Let us add an implication of that argument as a premise:
P'6: It is possible, given the current population, for general equality of opportunity to coexist with general inequality of outcome.
Now, let us draw conclusions:
C1 (P3, P4, P5): If a statistically significant difference in outcomes exists between groups, it must result from either a difference in opportunities or an inherent trait present in one group to a statistically significant greater degree than in the other.
C2 (P2, C1): Either different groups have significantly different opportunities, or inherent traits are distributed such that an inherent trait impacting outcomes is predicted by membership in one group.
C'3 (P'6, C2): An inherent trait impacting outcomes is predicted by membership in one group.
Or, in other words, if you believe that significant inequality between average outcomes of racial, gender, or similar groups does not imply inequality between opportunities, you logically must believe that one group is less moral/intelligent/hardworking/suited for the task in question than another, which is the definition of bigotry.
That said, though, there's multiple kinds of bigotry. You might be making arguments that you haven't thought all the way through, or you might not have noticed the tendency of black characters to die a lot in movies, or you might be the person who uses the word "f*****" without realizing what it means. The fact that you are actually concerned about being seen as racist/sexist/ableist/etc. seems to show that you aren't the sort of person who goes around burning crosses.